Modern fast food and unhealthy lifestyle has given birth to a very dangerous disease and is slowly spreading to every part of the world. The disease is none other than extreme obesity. Extreme obesity is like genesis point to many life-threatening diseases like heart attack, high blood pressure, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. Obesity is measured in terms of Body Mass Index (BMI). This BMI is further categorized into Class 1, 2 and 3. Class 1 obesity is when the person has a BMI of 30 to 35 while Class 2 obesity is a person with a BMI of 35 to 40 and Class 3 obesity is a person with a BMI of 40 and above. Class 2 and 3 are considered severe condition of obesity which cannot be treated by diet and exercise.
For such severe condition bariatric surgery is one such solution that can be used as a treatment. This surgical procedure is done to the digestive system because of which the patient’s appetite and in some procedures the body’s ability to absorb nutrients, Hence the patient starts losing weight thus getting out of extreme obesity.
Things to know about bariatric surgery
Types of Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery is done for the sake of weight loss for people with a critical level of obesity. There are four different types of bariatric surgery which are:
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
Benefits of Bariatric Surgery
The entire intent of undergoing weight loss surgery like bariatric surgery is to reduce the excess fat in the body that attracts a lot of live threating diseases. Also as the body loses weight it becomes nimble and flexible. The overall quality of life improves. Below is the list of benefits of bariatric surgery
- Long Term Weight Loss Success
For patients who tried all other procedures and diet and yet were not able to lose weight or people who lost weight in the short term but gained it back in the long term, Bariatric surgery serves like a reliable weight loss solution in the long run. As the surgery makes you biologically unable to eat more, the weight loss becomes as natural outcome of bariatric surgery.
- Improved Longevity
Research has proved that obese people due to the probability of cardiovascular disease generally have lesser life span than non-obese people. Hence the patient’s longevity increases post weight loss that happened due to bariatric surgery. One of the studies found out that 89% of patients who underwent surgery have improved life span compares to those who did not.
- Improvement/Resolution of Coexisting Diseases
Bariatric surgery causes massive weight loss and improves or sometimes resolves obesity-related diseases. These diseases include sleep apnea, high blood pressure, asthma, arthritis, cholesterol abnormalities, gastroesophageal reflux disease, fatty liver disease, venous stasis, urinary stress incontinence, pseudotumorcerebri and more.
Bariatric surgery even leads to improvement and remission of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In past diabetes was considered progressive and non-curable disease. But studies have shown that weight loss surgery like bariatric surgery have stopped and in some cases reduced diabetes in patients with many no needing insulin shots for as many as 3 years post-surgery.
- Long-term remission for type 2 diabetes
In a recent study conducted in the United States of America, it was observed that bariatric surgery serves long term remission for type 2 diabetes which is difficult to control. The results showed that the surgery is highly effective for obese patients with type 2 diabetes, allowing almost all patients to be insulin-free for atleast 3 years post-surgery.
- Improved cardiovascular health
The biggest issue with obesity is the blockage of veins due to cholesterol that accumulates narrowing the path of blood flow thus creating pressure on heart which could lead to heart disease. Post-bariatric surgery the blood pressure and cholesterol generally drop to normal or near-normal reducing risk and improving overall health quotient.
- Relief of depression
Many obese people feel depressed because of poor body image and subsequent bullying that they experience in school, college or workplace. They also are unable to participate in a lot of activities due to their excessive weight which they would have otherwise loved to participate like running, rock climbing, swimming, etc. Thus further makes them socially isolated which in turn puts them in depression. Losing the excess thus helps improve body image and overall physical and mental health.
- Eliminate obstructive sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is again a serious respiratory problem that’s caused due to extreme obesity. Due to extreme obesity, there is a fat deposit around the upper airway which obstructs breathing. Post-bariatric surgery as the patient loses weight the fat in the upper airway too reduces thereby eliminating obstructive sleep apnea and stop using a CPAP machine at bedtime.
- Joint pain relief
For obese patients, those extreme weights of the body puts unnecessary pressure on the joints as it has to function under such huge weights. Because of functioning under such condition the joints generate too much friction causing joint pain. Post-bariatric surgery, as the patient starts shedding the extra weight the joints start performing normal due to less weight thereby reducing joint pain.
- Improve fertility
Weight loss has also been related to fertility and studies have shown that weight loss surgery like bariatric surgery helps improve fertility during childbearing years.
- Alleviate other medical conditions
Bariatric surgery also helps alleviate other diseases like metabolic syndrome, gallbladder disease, pregnancy complications and other such diseases
Ruby Hall Clinic: India’s most reputedobesity care and physical wellness hospital
Ruby Hall Clinic is India’s most reputed obesity care and physical wellness hospital. We serve as one stop solution to all the tests as well as surgical solutions for weight loss which includes Bariatric Surgery. Our state of the art facility has the most modern medical tools and devices along with our expert doctors with decades of surgical experience, we work towards giving you the best analysis and treatment plan to weight loss journey that not just includes the surgery but even post-surgical guidance by our expert nutritionist as well as a physician. To know more about our services and offerings click here.