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Heart Disease Treatment with Angioplasty and Stents

By November 27, 2019 February 14th, 2020 No Comments

Regular blood flow to the arteries is extremely important for the pumping action of the heart and the smooth functioning of the heart. Any kind of obstruction to the arteries can result in serious complications, chest pain (angina), and shortness of breath and worse a heart attack. Angioplasty is the treating of the blocked arteries and improving the blood flow to your heart. It is an important procedure to be done else the obstruction of the blood flow to your heart can give rise to other serious ailments such as gangrene, which can lead to amputation of the leg.

Angioplasty-

Known as Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, it is used to treat blocked arteries. It involves the temporary insertion of a tiny balloon where your artery is affected and widens the same for the ease of blood flow.

When is Angioplasty recommended?

The base ground for an angioplasty-

  • Our arteries supply blood, nutrients, and oxygen to the heart for the smooth functioning of the same.
  • If during the course, a substance known as plaque builds upon the path, the arteries will become narrow, hardened and will eventually restrict the blood flow.
  • This kind of situation is known as atherosclerosis.
  • The blockages can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath and eventually a heart attack.
  • In such a situation, your doctor will recommend an angioplasty to reduce your risk of a heart attack.

The different procedures used for angioplasty-

Balloon Angioplasty-
A specially developed catheter with a tiny balloon is placedin the artery through the blockage. It is inflated to widen the opening and eventually increase the blood flow. A stent is mostly placed during the procedure to keep theartery openafter the balloon is deflated and removed. The deflated balloon is then removed while the stent remains in the place, gradually healing over time.
Coronary Stent-
The stent is a small tube used to support the inside of the coronary artery. A balloon catheter is placed over a guidewire, which pushes the stent in the affected artery. After the placing, the stent expands to the size of the artery and then holds it open.
Rotablation-
A rotablation procedure involves a special catheter with a diamond-coated tip. The point is guided to your coronary artery and then the plague is cleaned. The tip of the catheter does the required action of the cleaning up. This kind of procedure is rarely used as the Balloon angioplasty is one of the most preferred ones.
Atherectomy-
This is a procedure used to clean out clogged arteries. This kind of procedure has a narrow cylinder on the catheter andan open window on one side and a balloon on the other. When the catheter is inserted in the narrow artery, the balloon gets inflated, pushing the fatty matter which is clogging the artery.
Cutting Balloon-
It is a unique angioplasty device used in coronary arteries interventions. It has a different balloon tip with small blades, which is inflated when the balloon is activated.When the balloon is inflated, the blades, work towards plague displacement allowing for thesmooth functioning of the blood flow. It may seem similar to the Rotablation procedure, but it is different from it. One of the biggest advantages of a cutting balloon is its capacity to reduce the vessel’s stretch and increase the longitude.

The Benefits of Angioplasty and Stenting

There are many numerous benefits a person can experience after the angioplasty procedure. It offers life-enhancing and a life-saving condition providing you a path to lead your future life in a healthy manner.

  • Most importantly it saves your life and improves the heart muscles, by restoring the blood flow to your heart.
  • Decreases the chances of a stroke drastically
  • Helps in proper functioning of the kidneys
  • Restoresthe blood flow to the legs and prevents the risks of gangrene.

The Risks of an Angioplasty-

Any kind of major complications after angioplasty are rare. However, it is not a simple surgery and some risks can be associated with it.

  • Inserting the catheter may injure the artery, giving rise to blood clots. ( a rare occurrence)
  • Heavy bleeding from the catheter insertion.
  • A rare complication known as the abrupt vessel closure. This normally occurs within 24 hours of the surgery and in such cases a bypass is immediately performed.
  • An allergic reaction to the stent.
  • Rare cases – Heart Attack during the surgery.

Please note- these are the potential risks that are highlighted. It is always advisable to have a detailed word with your doctor and follow the medicines and health regimes prescribed, strictly.

The success rate of an Angioplasty-

Angioplasty is one of the most successful heart surgeries in modern times and has a success rate of 98.1 %.It is one of the most preferred operations for the removal of plaque from the arteries.

Summary of the Angioplasty surgery-

There have been recent advances in medicine and heart surgeries over the years. A serious and important procedure like angioplasty is getting advanced making it easier for the heart patients to lead a normal and a healthy life.Also, an angioplasty allows you to recover more quickly than open-heart surgery. An angioplasty or stenting is also less invasive than an open heart as the blocked artery is accessed from a tiny incision from the wrist or the leg.

Before the angioplasty surgery, your doctor will go through your medical history and also perform a physical examination. A coronary angiogram is conducted to understand the state of your arteries (blocked or narrow)the doctor will also prescribe the required food intake before the surgery and as a responsible patient, you have to strictly follow it.

Ruby Hall Clinic has one of the largestcentres in India for treating cardiac ailments. It is also well-known for handling the most complex cardiac surgeries. It had a well-established team of doctors and specialists, all of them well-experienced in their field and knowledge.

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