Breast Surgery

Reducing The Risks Of Cancer

Overview

Breast cancer is a phenomenon of uncontrolled breast cells growth. Breasts are the most superficial aspect of the chest wall. The normal breast consists of 15- 20 milk ducts which divide into ductules, lobes, and lobules. All these are supported by connective tissue made up of fibrous tissue, fat, blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics. Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. It accounts for 22.9 % of invasive cancers in women. Worldwide deaths from breast cancer including both in males and females are 18.2%.

Routine Breast Surgeries in Our Hospital

Our doctors are specialised in Modified Radical Mastectomy, Breast Cancer Surgeries, Breast Conservative Surgeries, Breast Oncoplastic Surgeries, Benign Breast Surgeries, Breast Reconstruction, Implants and Reduction Surgeries.

Breast cancer which develops in breast milk ducts is called Ductal carcinoma and in glands called Lobular carcinoma.

Major Risk Factors for Breast Cancer

  • Age: Older age women have more chances of developing breast cancer.
  • Family History: Risk of Breast cancer is higher in women having a close relative (sister, mother, daughter) with the disease.
  • Personal History: Breast cancer in one breast increases the chance of breast cancer in another breast.

Treatments

Treatment Options for Breast Cancer

Surgery

This includes LUMPECTOMY – removal of lump with small cancer-free healthy tissue around it. MASTECTOMY where entire breast tissue is removed along with lymph node clearance.

Chemotherapy

Where powerful medicines are given to destroy cancer cells.

Radiotherapy

Uses high energy rays to kill cancer cells.

Hormonal Therapy

It is useful in breast cancer patients which are positive for Estrogen and Progesterone receptors. They are used for early stage as well as metastatic breast cancers.

Breast Augmentation

Breasts form an important part of the female anatomy. They contribute to augmenting female body proportions. Many women suffer from a lack of confidence and self-esteem due to small breasts. This is usually a developmental problem and can be either genetic or hormonal. After excluding any pathological cause, breast volume can be increased by adding volume to the breasts using breast implants.

Breast implants are commonly made of a silicon envelope filled either with saline, silicon gel or cohesive silicon gel. You should discuss the details, pros and cons of various types of implants with the cosmetic surgeon at Ruby Hall Clinic. The UK Independent Review Group and the FDA of USA have concluded that Silicon implants are safe for use in the human body. The appropriately sized silicon implant is placed through a small incision either under the chest muscle or on top of the chest muscle but under the breast tissue. This procedure is usually done under a general anaesthetic with a day or overnight stay in the hospital. Enhancement in size is usually instantly visible, although the breast may be swollen, bruised and slightly tender for a few days after the operation. This rapidly improves in 6 – 8 weeks’ time. Infection, implant extrusion, bleeding, numbness, hardening of the scar around the implant are some of the rarely recognized complications. Reputed implant manufacturing companies give a lifetime warranty with modern implants, but we advise the patients to have the implants routinely reviewed and screened. They do not need to be changed if they are not causing any problems.

Breast Reduction

Many women with large breasts frequently complain of backache, neck ache, shoulder bra strap pain, poor posture, and general diffidence. Reducing the size of the breasts can reduce these symptoms and make the breasts more proportionate to the body. This is a procedure done under general anaesthetic and involves a stay of 2 –5 days in the hospital depending upon the amount of reduction. There are three basic types of breast reductions depending upon the type of scars. The standard technique leaves an anchor-shaped scar, modern techniques leave a single vertical scar. The scarless technique involves liposuction, a procedure that can be used in selected cases only. Delayed wound healing, nipple numbness, partial or total nipple loss, bleeding, and infection are some of the complications. Post-operative swelling, bruising, firmness, and shape may take 12 weeks to improve.

Panel of Doctors

Name  OPD Day OPD Timings
Dr. Shilpy Dolas
(Consultant, Breast Surgeon)
Mon to Sat 10 AM – 2 PM
Dr. Anupama Mane
(Consultant, Breast Surgeon)
Tue, Fri 2 PM – 5 PM

Other Super Specialities

Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery
Breast Cancer Surgery
Cardiac Sciences
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